As a security guard you have to be aware of how to lawfully use your powers to arrest.
Illegal use of peers could mean standing in the dock in a court explaining your actions – simply put, as a security guard you can make a citizen’s arrests – your powers are no more than this.
You can be confident of a lawful arrest when;
- It is impractical for a police officer to do so
- The arrest prevents the perpetrator from causing harm or damage or others or property,
- Or when the perpetrator could inflict injury or be inflicted
- It prevents the perpetrator could escape.
Differences between a citizens arrest and a police arrest
- According to PACE S24A an arrest can only be done while a crime id in progress or after it has been committed. The police can make an arrest based on a suspicion of crime.
- Security guards (citizens ) can only do so for an offences the perpetrator can be indicted for such as burglary and theft.
The police have the power to arrest for any offence.
- Arrest should never be done when it can cause danger or violence.
Making arrest is one of the primary duties of a police officer, and are trained to do so in dangerous and violence circumstances.
When making an arrest;
- Keep the suspect well informed of who you are and what you are doing and why you are arresting them.
- If you think a suspect may resist arrest, consider your safety first and always make sure you’re able to defend your actions in a court of law
- A lawful arrest required the suspect to be transported to the police or magistrates court. You must ensure the comfort and welfare of the suspect while they are in your custody.