To become a security guard, or to perform other security duties, you will need to consider the type of SIA security guard licence you should obtain.
The kind of security guard license you get will depend on the type of security guard jobs duties you are considering. In the security field, there are different types of security guarding activities that can be performed as part of your security guard job description.
Specific security guard duties can only be completed by those who are legally licensed to perform them. Having the right security guard licensing in place will open you up to many employment prospects.
The SIA, or Security Industry Authority, is an organisation tasked with standardising the assessment and training of security personnel in the UK.
The organization also assesses training facilities, private security firms, and other businesses in the security industry as well.
An SIA Security guard license is required to work as a security officer. Dependent upon the job duties you are tasked with, you may need to acquire more than one SIA licence. They type of security guard licensing required is defined by law. Failure to have the appropriate licence whilst working in the security industry can result in negative consequences for the individual, as well as prosecution and sanctions for the business.
For this reason, getting an entry level security job without an SIA licence is permissible, but advancing in your career will require you to achieve licensure.
After a basic SIA security training and assessment for basic qualifications – including a drug screen and criminal history check, security officers can work in behind the scenes and in basic roles in security. However, they cannot work in front line security with higher levels of responsibility, until they have achieved the appropriate security guard licence.
Becoming a security guard presents you with several disciplines you can choose to pursure, and with this come different security licence types.
- Manned Guarding – this licence covers multiple “sub-licenses,”.
Training and testing for the licence will include cash and valuables in transit, close protection, door supervision, public space surveillance (CCTV), and security guarding.
- Immobilisation, Restriction and Removal of Vehicles – this specific SIA license is necessary for security guards who are responsible for patrolling grounds, parking lots and garages, and any other parking facilities. The license does not cover public roadways.
- Key Holding – A key holding SIA licence is essential in almost any security guard job. Most guards are responsible for maintaining restricted access to particular areas of facilities and therefore must have a key holding license in order to perform their regular job duties.
Guards who work in behind the scenes positions where they do not deal with the public at all can get by with just a basic SIA security guard licence; however, if they plan to make any forward or upward movement in their careers, they will need to eventually acquire a full SIA licence in order to do so.